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Sewing With Knits

Kristin's Crochet Stitch Glossary

Here is a reference of stitch definitions, technique descriptions and some useful tips. Please enjoy with our compliments. This is an archival effort, so content will continually grow.

Basic Stitches

Slip Knot:
Make a loop; hook another loop through it. Tighten gently and slide the knot up to the hook.

Chain Stitch (ch):
Wrap the yarn over the hook in a counterclockwise direction. Draw the yarn through to form a new loop without tightening the previous one.

Slip Stitch (sl st):
A slip stitch usually joins a round, or both ends of a row of chain stitches. Insert hook into joining stitch. Wrap the yarn over the hook from back to front. Draw the yarn through the stitch and through the loop on the hook.
Single crochet (sc):
Insert the hook into the work (or second chain from hook), wrap the yarn over the hook and draw the yarn through the work only. Wrap the yarn again and draw it through both loops. *RV=1

Reverse single crochet (RSC):
*Insert crochet hook into first stitch to the right, yarn over hook, pull loop of yarn to front of work, yarn over hook, and pull through both loops on hook*. Repeat from * to * until all stitches are worked.

Half-double crochet (hdc):
Wrap the yarn over the hook and insert the hook into the work (or third chain from hook). Wrap the yarn over the hook, draw through the work only and wrap the yarn again. Draw through all three loops on hook *RV=2

Double crochet (dc):
Wrap the yarn over the hook and insert the hook into the work (or fourth chain from hook). Wrap the yarn over the hook, draw through the work only and wrap the yarn again. Draw through the first two loops only and wrap the yarn again. Draw through the last two loops on the hook. *RV=3

Treble crochet (tr):
Wrap the yarn over the hook twice and insert the hook into the work (or fifth chain from hook). Wrap the yarn over the hook, draw through the work and wrap again. Draw through the first 2 loops only and wrap the yarn again. Draw through the next two loops only and wrap the yarn again; draw through the last two loops. *RV=4

Double treble crochet (dtr):
Wrap the yarn over the hook 3 times and insert the hook into the work (or sixth chain from hook). *Wrap the yarn over the hook and draw it through 2 loops.* Repeat from * to * 3 times to complete the double treble. *RV=5

Longer Crochet Stitches:
For example, Triple Treble (ttr) , Quadruple Treble (quadtr), Quintuple Treble (quintr), etc. are made by wrapping the yarn 3, 4, 5, etc. times over the hook at the beginning and b y wrapping and drawing through two loops as often as required to complete the stitch.

* Note: For purposes of counting "rows", I place a Row Value (RV) to each longer crochet stitch. Single crochet has a value of 1, so every stitch thereafter has a length that I value in terms of single crochet rows. This is important when you are increasing in certain patterns.

Technique Descriptions

1. Spikes: Spikes are made by inserting the hook farther down into the fabric than usual, either below the next stitch, or to one side.

Insert the hook into the work where specified by the pattern and draw a loop up the height of the current row. Complete the stitch normally. Spikes can be worked singly, in sequences, or in clusters, by inserting the hook in different places, drawing a loop through each and finishing by drawing a loop through all the loops collected.

2. Post (Relief) Stitches: Inserting the hook around the whole stem of a stitch creates raised or relief effects.

Front Post Double Crochet (fpdc): Wrap the yarn around the hook, insert the hook from in front and from right to left around the stem of the appropriate stitch. Complete the dc stitch normally.

Back Post Double Crochet (bpdc): Wrap the yarn around the hook, insert the hook from behind and from right to left around the stem of the appropriate stitch. Complete the dc stitch normally.

3. Clusters:

A cluster is a group of stitches, joined together at the top. Work each of the stitches to be joined up the the last loop pulled through to complete it. One loop from each stitch to be joined hsould remain on the hook, plus the loop from the previous stitch. Wrap the yarn aroudn the hook once again and pull through all the loops on the hook.

4dc cluster: work 4 double crochet stitches, keeping top loop of each on the hook and working the five loops off together, forming a cluster. 

2tr Cluster: work 2 dtr, keeping top loop of each on the hook and working the three loops off together, forming a cluster.   

3-tr cluster: *yo twice, insert hook in next st or sp, (yo, pull through 2 loops)x2. Rep from * two more times (4 loops on hook), yo, pull through all loops.
4-tr cluster: *yo twice, insert hook in next st or sp, (yo, pull through 2 loops)x2. Rep from * three more times (4 loops on hook), yo, pull through all loops.

4. Decreases

sc2tog: insert hook into stich and draw up a loop. Insert hook into next stich and draw up a loop. Yarn over, draw through all 3 loops on hook.

hdc2tog: work a hdc into the next stitch without completing the very last step (keep all three loops on hook), then hdc in the next stitch without completing the last step. You should have 5 loops on the hook, then yarn over and draw through all the loops.

dc2tog: work a dc into the next stitch without completing the very last step (keep all three loops on hook), then dc in the next stitch without completing the last step. You should have 3 loops on the hook, then yarn over and draw through all the loops.

tr2tog: work a tr into the next stitch without completing the very last step (keep all three loops on hook), then tr in the next stitch without completing the last step. You should have 3 loops on the hook, then yarn over and draw through all the loops.

dtr2tog: work a dtr into the next stitch without completing the very last step (keep all three loops on hook), then dtr in the next stitch without completing the last step. You should have 3 loops on the hook, then yarn over and draw through all the loops.

5. Loop (or fur) stitch
insert hook in next stitch, wrap yarn around index finger of left hand and swing hook around yarn from left to right clockwise (two strands hooked), and pull through stitch. Drop loop to backside and pick up end of yarn, yarn over hook, draw through remaining loops on hook. (1 loop at backside of work and 1 sc made)

6. Popcorn Stitches
~ Beg Popcorn: ch3 (counts as dc), work 4 dc in same sp, drop loop from hook, insert hook from front to back int eh top of the first dc of group (top of ch3), pick up dropped loop and pull through.
~ Popcorn: work 5 dc in same sp, drop loop from hook, insert hook from front to back in the top of the first dc of group, pick up dropped loop and pull through.

7. Foundation Stitches:

Foundation single crochet (FSC): Ch 2, insert hook in 2nd ch from hook, yarn over hook and draw up a loop (2 loops on hook), yarn over hook, draw yarn through first loop on hook, yarn over hook and draw through 2 loops on hook—1 fsc made.
*Insert hook under 2 loops of ch made at base of previous stitch, yarn over hook and draw up a loop (2 loops on hook), yarn over hook and draw through first loop on hook, yarn over hook and draw through 2 loops on hook. Rep from * for length of foundation.

Foundation double crochet (FDC): Ch 3, yarn over hook, insert hook in 3rd ch from hook, yarn over hook and draw up a loop (3 loops on hook), yarn over hook, draw yarn through first loop on hook, [yarn over hook and draw through 2 loops] twice—1 fdc made.
*Yarn over hook, insert hook under both loops of ch just made. Yarn over hook and draw up a loop (3 loops on hook), yarn over hook and draw through 1 loop, [yarn over hook and draw through 2 loops] twice. Rep from * for length of foundation.